Researchers from the University of Leeds, UK studied data on more than 26,000 women aged 35 to 69. which was collected during 22 years. A study found that vegetarian women were a third more likely to suffer from torture than regular meat eaters. Orthopedic surgeon Dr. David Geyer, who is a member of this study, also believes that these findings are surprising.
The analysis also took into account other factors that may affect the risk of hip fracture. These include age, alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise habits, menopausal status, and socioeconomic status.
A 2020 study found that vegetarians (both men and women) have a 25% higher risk of breaking their ankles than meat eaters. Similarly, a 2021 US study found that vegetarians had a 17% higher risk of bone fracture than non-vegetarians.
Vegetarians may have a lower BMI
Lead author and postgraduate researcher James Webster of the Nutrition Epidemiology Group at the University of Leeds said the study found vegetarians had a lower BMI on average. Being underweight or overweight leads to poor bone and muscle health. Therefore, the risk of hip fracture may increase. Vegetarians can also be deficient in nutrients, Webster said.
The reason is lack of nutrients
Webster says, “Meat and fish are rich in many nutrients that are linked to bone health and reduce the risk of fractures. Such as protein, vitamins B12 and D, omega-3 fatty acids, phosphorus and zinc. Although most of these nutrients can be obtained from plants, eggs, and dairy products, however, vegetarianism was deficient in these nutrients.
The researchers found that vegetarians consumed less protein and less vitamin B12. Therefore, they had less protein than regular meat.
He adds, “However, it is not clear whether the increased risk of spine fractures among the vegetarians in the study was because eating meat was protective or because of another factor, such as the increased risk of spine fractures among these participants. balanced diet they consumed less
What can be done to prevent hip fracture?
Along with the risks, Webster also suggests preventative measures. He says, “Vegetarians don’t have to start eating meat and fish, but they should be sure to eat a balanced diet. Many other factors, along with diet, can help reduce the risk of hip fracture, such as avoiding smoking and reducing alcohol consumption. Also exercise regularly. Resistance exercise (such as weight lifting) can be especially beneficial because it increases bone and muscle strength.
A vegetarian diet may be good for you. But it’s important to know that they can increase your risk of breaking your hip. Maintaining a balanced weight, eating a balanced diet and being active can help reduce this risk.