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Today, people’s eyes were on the budget throughout the day. Regarding the health sector, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman mentioned sickle cell anemia. He said in his budget speech that a goal has been set to eliminate sickle cell anemia from the country by 2047. For which screening and awareness programs will be conducted across the country. Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder. Due to which a person suffering from it may have to face many problems during his life. Tell us what sickle cell anemia is and how to prevent sickle cell anemia.
What is the plan for sickle cell anemia in the budget?
Presenting the economic budget for 2023-24. 2010, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman set a goal of eliminating sickle cell disease from the country. It has been given a time until 2047 to end completely. At the same time, 8 million people will be examined. Especially their people who are in the age group of 0 to 40 years. What is sickle cell anemia and can it be controlled? To discuss this, we spoke with Dr. Shuchin Bajaj. Dr. Shuchin is the founder and director of the Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals.
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What is sickle cell anemia
Sickle cell anemia is one of the genetic problems called sickle cell disease. According to Dr. Sucin, 4.5 million people worldwide suffer from sickle cell anemia, of which 80 percent are in African countries.
It affects the shape of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all parts of the body.
Red blood cells are usually round and flexible. Because of this, they can easily get from one place to another through the blood vessels. But when you suffer from sickle cell anemia, the red blood cells become sickle or crescent shaped. These sickle cells also become hard and sticky, which can slow blood flow.
Dr. Sučin Bajaj explains that the problem of sickle cells begins at the age of 5 to 6 months. With increasing time, this can cause many more problems. A person suffering from sickle cell anemia can suddenly feel severe pain, it can also cause anemia, swelling of the legs and arms, bacterial infection, stroke, joint pain.
Sickle cell anemia can be more dangerous if both parents have sickle cells. Such children may have dangerous sickle cell symptoms. If only one parent has sickle cell, then the child will also have sickle cell trait. Which is not considered very dangerous.
Sickle cell anemia can be easily detected during pregnancy and with a blood test.
Why does sickle cell anemia occur?
Sickle cell anemia is caused by a gene change. Which tells the body to produce iron in red blood cells called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen from the lungs throughout the body. In people with sickle cell anemia, red blood cells become stiff, sticky, and sickle-shaped.
According to Dr. Sucin Bajaj, sickle cell is passed from parents to children. If both parents have sickle cell trait, there is a high chance that the child will have sickle cell anemia. If either the mother or the father has this gene, then the child is less likely to develop sickle cell anemia or even if it occurs, the child does not show its symptoms.
That is why it is more important than getting horoscopes, letters before marriage that you first do a blood test for both of you to find out if one of them has sickle cells or some other disease.
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What can be serious symptoms of sickle cell anemia
trouble walking or talking
paralysis or weakness of limbs
it is not visible properly
Is sickle cell anemia curable?
Once you’ve been diagnosed with sickle cell symptoms, there are a number of treatments that can help manage your symptoms.
IV fluid dehydration can help normalize red blood cell function.
Painkillers can be taken to relieve pain.
Some supplements may be given to improve blood oxygen levels.
Vaccination can also be done to prevent infection.
A bone marrow transplant is also used to prevent this.
At the time of marriage, check that neither the woman nor the man has sickle cell anemia, as this increases the problem of having a child. However, it can also be detected during pregnancy.
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