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Technology has come a long way. At the same time, cancer recovery numbers are also increasing. But even today, some mistakes in a normal lifestyle increase the risk of cancer. If you believe government statistics, about 8 million cancer diagnoses are made every year. Of this number, 3.75 to 4 lakh are women. There are 5 types of cancer (most common cancer in women in India) that are commonly seen in women. These are breast cancer, colon cancer, oral cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. At the same time, India has the highest number of women diagnosed with breast cancer.
Health Shots spoke to Dr. Nitin Singhal, Senior Consultant in Surgical Oncology at Marengo CIMS Hospital regarding the rising incidence of cancer in women. He gave important information about the five main cancers that occur in women. Along with these symptoms, its causes and preventive measures are explained. So let’s talk about it in detail.
These 5 types of cancer are more common in women
1. Breast cancer
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in India. About 150 breast cancer patients are diagnosed every year in India. On the other hand, there is a higher incidence of breast cancer in urban women than in rural women. According to this survey, one out of every 22 women in the city is at risk of developing breast cancer. On the other hand, if we talk about rural statistics, one out of every 60 women remains at risk of cancer.
In most cases, breast cancer occurs in women over 40 years of age. According to the doctor, the initial symptoms of breast cancer are lumps in the breast. But at first these lumps do not cause pain. That’s why people often ignore it. If you develop any type of lump in your breast after the age of 40, even if you don’t feel any pain, you should still see your doctor for an examination.
symptoms of breast cancer
It is not necessary to be careful about this only after 40 years. If you feel any kind of discomfort even before, consult your doctor immediately. At the same time, any discharge from the nipple or changes in the tone of the breast skin can be signs of breast cancer.
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2. Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among Indian women. Until a few years ago, it was on the first place, but due to the increase in awareness, its numbers have decreased. If we talk about deadly cancer, then it is in the first place. More women die from cervical cancer.
About 1.25 million women are diagnosed with cervical cancer in India every year. Meanwhile, about 68,000 to 70,000 of them had advanced cancer before being diagnosed. Because of this, they die from this disease. The cause of this cancer is HPV, that is, the human papilloma virus. It is usually transmitted during sexual intercourse.
symptoms of cervical cancer
Excessive white discharge from the vagina is a common symptom of this cancer. But from time to time white discharge appears, so now how to tell the difference between the two. Regarding this the doctor said that if you don’t have UTI and other problems and this discharge doesn’t stop even after taking antibiotics etc. then don’t ignore this symptom and you should see a doctor. On the other hand, bleeding during intercourse and pain in the back can be symptoms of cervical cancer.
3. Ovarian cancer
The number of ovarian cancer is increasing day by day. If we talk about the statistics of India, then every year about 50,000 patients are diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Doctors say, “The biggest danger of this cancer is that 80 percent of people come for treatment when their cancer has reached the third stage or later. Because the symptoms observed in this problem are like normal days. Therefore, it is a bit difficult to identify its signs.
symptoms of ovarian cancer
Symptoms include a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, pain in the lower abdomen, loss of appetite and frequent urination. If all these symptoms last more than two weeks or increase day by day, then consult a doctor and undergo an examination. If it is diagnosed in the early stages, about 80-90% of people can recover from it. Surgery and chemotherapy play an important role in its treatment.
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4. Colon cancer
Colorectal cancer is also called colon or colon cancer. The main cause of this cancer is bad lifestyle, stress, weight gain, wrong eating and excessive alcohol consumption.
Recognize the symptoms of colon cancer
People worry a lot about its symptoms, bleeding during defecation, constipation problem at the beginning of this cancer. At the same time, there is a lot of pain and burning when passing. Sudden weight loss is also a symptom of colon cancer. If these symptoms last more than 2 weeks, do not ignore them.
If it is caught early, then it becomes easy to diagnose. Otherwise, it will take a fatal form later.
5. Mouth cancer
Oral cancer is less common in women than men, but its numbers are increasing among women in India. One of the main reasons for this is tobacco and smoking. Especially in rural areas, there is a tendency to break teeth. Many women have made it a part of their regular routine.
At the same time, the increase in the number of smokers in cities also causes mouth cancer. In this case, it is necessary to pay special attention to your oral hygiene. Because mouth ulcers from tobacco gradually take the form of mouth cancer. But it is not necessary that only those who smoke get oral cancer. Oral cancer can also be caused by poor diet.
Oral cancer symptoms
In the case of mouth cancer, the mouth sores remain for a long time and will not heal even after your best efforts. At the same time, white spots appear inside the mouth. Not only that, the teeth become loose and break. At the same time, excessive pain is felt in the mouth, as well as earache. He faces this painful tumor.
The only way to prevent this is to work on the causes of its occurrence, for example, if you use tobacco and smoking, then give it up completely. At the same time, consume alcohol in limited quantities. Do not ignore tooth decay and bleeding gums. It should be examined by a doctor.
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