Cholesterol is a substance found in every cell of the body. Cholesterol is needed in the body to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help you digest food.
It is transported through your bloodstream by carriers made of fats (lipids) and proteins called lipoproteins. Healthy cholesterol levels in the body can protect against heart attacks and strokes. As they say good is bad, so too much cholesterol is bad. Too much cholesterol can cause heart attack or stroke.
How is cholesterol produced in the body?
According to the National Health Service, this comes from two sources. Your liver makes all the cholesterol you need. Cholesterol in your body is cholesterol in non-vegetarian foods such as meat, poultry and dairy products. These foods are also rich in trans fats. If your diet contains a lot of vegetables, your liver will increase cholesterol. For some people, this excess production becomes harmful because the amount of cholesterol in their body is higher than normal.
Cholesterol circulates in the blood. As the amount of cholesterol in your blood increases, so does your health. High cholesterol contributes to a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease and stroke. Therefore, it is important to check your cholesterol to know its level.
There are two types of cholesterol: LDL, which is bad, and HDL, which is good. In the inner walls of the arteries, which are important for the heart and brain, gradually more cholesterol accumulates.
It can combine with other substances to form a thick, hard deposit inside the arteries. This can narrow the arteries and make them less flexible, a condition called atherosclerosis. If a blood clot forms and blocks one of these narrowed arteries, a heart attack or stroke can occur.
A general practitioner or cardiologist can diagnose high cholesterol by testing your blood cholesterol levels. You may be asked to have a blood test called a lipoprotein panel, which can measure cholesterol levels. Before the test, you will be asked to fast for about 12 hours to make sure that all the food you eat is fully digested and does not affect the test results.
By looking at the cholesterol level, the doctor determines the risk of heart attack or stroke. Along with cholesterol levels, your doctor will also check other factors.
Symptoms of high cholesterol include: chest pain or angina, heart attack, pain when walking due to blocked arteries that cannot carry blood to the legs.
How to control high cholesterol
According to a report written by the Mayo Clinic on controlling high cholesterol, these methods can be effective:
Consuming saturated fat in food can increase cholesterol levels, so reduce dairy products such as butter, cream, butter, regular fat milk and cheese, beef, pork and avoid eating too much meat. Avoid processed foods such as salami and sausage.
2 Cholesterol test
By looking at the cholesterol level, the doctor determines the risk of heart attack or stroke. Along with your cholesterol level, your doctor will also check other factors, including blood pressure, whether you have diabetes, age, gender, race, smoking status, and more. A normal LDL cholesterol level should be less than 100 mg/dL.
A reading of 130 to 159 mg/dL is high and 160 to 189 mg/dL is high. A body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more puts you at risk for high cholesterol.
3 Dimensions of the West
Your risk of high cholesterol increases even more if you are a man with a waist of more than 40 inches and a woman with a waist of more than 35 inches. That’s why it’s important to watch your waistline.
4 Sedentary lifestyle
Leading a sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of cholesterol formation. On the other hand, regular exercise keeps LDL or bad cholesterol under control. So make daily exercise a part of your routine.
Smoking lowers HDL or good cholesterol. It damages the lining of the arteries, which makes it easier for cholesterol and fat to stick to the blood vessels. This can increase the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke. So, if you too turn your lungs into a smoking zone, then do it without delay.
Diabetes increases LDL cholesterol and decreases HDL cholesterol in the body. It damages the arteries, which increases the risk of heart attack. Therefore, it is important that you keep your sugar levels under control.