Lack of awareness about organ donation in India is worrying. In our country, there is a huge gap between the number of patients who need a transplant and the number of organs available through donors, due to which thousands of deaths occur in the country every year. In such a situation, it is very important that people know more about it and become part of this process with great enthusiasm. Organ donation is a very easy process. You or your loved ones can choose to do this for you.
On this World Organ Donation Day 2022, let’s learn about the different aspects and procedures related to organ donation and transplantation. With this information, educate not only yourself but also the people around you so that you can control the number of deaths due to lack of organ donation.
What do the numbers say
According to a survey conducted in India, around 5,00,000 people die every year due to the unavailability of organs. 2,00,000 people die of liver disease and 50,000 people die of heart disease. Moreover, 150,000 people are waiting for a kidney transplant, but only 5,000 receive a kidney. In such a situation, organ donation and awareness can go a long way in saving the lives of many people who need an urgent transplant.
‘Organ transplant technique’ can save lives
Organ transplantation plays a vital role in the lives of people suffering from genetic conditions such as polycystic kidney disease, cystic fibrosis or heart defects. In addition, infections such as hepatitis and diabetes, physical injuries and accidents also require transplantation. Although the transplant process can vary depending on the organ, the need to match donors and recipients remains important throughout the year.
How is this process
The transplant process for a recipient begins when a qualified physician places them on the transplant list. For this, it is necessary to examine the patient and diagnose his serious health condition, which makes him eligible for transplantation. Overall, the organ transplant process is complicated as it involves many details, such as blood type and body part evaluation, to match the donor and recipient.
In addition, depending on the organ, other factors may also play an important role. For example, in a kidney transplant, the donor’s and recipient’s antibodies must be compatible and have similar body sizes. When the patient meets the requirements for a transplant and a suitable donor is available, the operation is performed. When an organ is available, a patient in need of a transplant should respond quickly to a surgeon’s call. The operation must be performed within a certain period of time (usually four hours), because the transplanted organs cannot remain intact outside the body for long.
How to donate
Here are the things you need to know to become an organ donor in India. According to the notification issued by AIIMS (AIIMS), any person can become a donor in two ways. First, when a person pledges to donate his organs while he is alive and second, when his family decides to donate his organs after his death.
If you also want to become a donor, complete the process step by step
1. Download the donor form
Download the donor form from the official website. It’s free and there are no costs involved. There are some websites that allow you to become an organ donor. Websites of National Organ and Tissue Transplantation (NOTTO), Regional Organ and Tissue Transplantation Organization (ROTTO), Seth GS Medical College, KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Omnadurar Government Multi-Specialty Hospital, Chennai, PG Institute of Medical Education and Research Kolkata and This facility provided by Guwahati Medical College, Assam, etc.
2. Fill in the organ/body donation form
After downloading the form, fill out the “Organ/Body Donation” form (Organ/Body Donation). After that, you will need to get the donor form signed by two witnesses, one of whom should be your close relative.
3. Get donor cards
Once your application is accepted, a donor card along with a registration number will be sent to your official address. Be sure to let your family and friends know about your decision to become a donor.
4. Unregistered donations are also an option
The hospital also accepts unregistered donations if a person dies without registering to be a donor. In that case, a family member can decide to donate the organs of the deceased person by signing the consent.